The Constitution for the Federation of Earth was developed and adopted by 4 sessions of World Constituent Assembly meeting around the world in 1968, 1977, 1979 & 1991, all organized by WCPA. The process of ratification by the peoples and nations of Earth under Article 17 is currently under way.
From the Preamble:
Conscious of our obligation to posterity to save Humanity from imminent and total annihilation;
Conscious that Humanity is One despite the existence of diverse nations, races, creeds, ideologies and cultures and that the principle of unity in diversity is the basis for a new age when war shall be outlawed and peace prevail; when the earth’s total resources shall be equitably used for human welfare; and when basic human rights and responsibilities shall be shared by all without discrimination;
Conscious of the inescapable reality that the greatest hope for the survival of life on earth is the establishment of a democratic world government;
We, citizens of the world, hereby resolve to establish a world federation to be governed in accordance with this constitution for the Federation of Earth.
1. Broad functions of Earth Federation are the following:
1.1. to prevent war; 1.2. to protect universal human rights; 1.3. to end poverty; 1.4. to regulate international processes; 1.5. to protect the environment and ecological fabric of life, that is, the biosphere; and 1.6. to devise solutions to world problems beyond the capacity of national governments.
2. Basic structure of Earth Federation is the following:
2.1. People and nations organize as a universal federation, to include all people, all nations, and all oceans, seas and lands of Earth, including atmosphere and space. 2.2. Earth Federation is non-military and democratic, with ultimate sovereignty of the people of Earth.
3. Organs of the Earth Federation are the following:
3.1. The World Parliament; 3.2. The World Executive;
3.3. The World Administration; 3.4. The Integrative Complex;
3.5. The World Judiciary; 3.6. The Enforcement System; and
3.7. The World Ombudsmus.
4. This Earth Constitution grants Earth Federation the jurisdiction and powers necessary to ensure the effective broad functions of the Earth Federation. Earth Federation must have no military power, but may use world legislation, administration, education, finance, civil police enforcement system, world court system, ombudsmus public defense and other regulatory powers to ensure effective enforcement of world law.
5. World Parliament composes of three legislative houses, to consider, adopt, amend and repeal World Legislation.
* People of Earth directly elect House of Peoples.
* Nations appoint or elect House of Nations.
* University students and faculty of World Regions nominate regional candidates from anywhere for House of Counselors. People of Earth may launch initiatives for world legislation, and may vote on referenda submitted from World Parliament.
6. World Parliament elects and supervises a World Executive and an Executive Cabinet of 30 ministers, all MPs. The World Executive may neither veto nor suspend the World Parliament nor the Earth Constitution. The World Executive has no military power.
7. The 30 Cabinet Ministers and Vice Presidents head the World Administration of about 30 ministries.
8. Broad functions that naturally duplicate within each ministry integrate in agencies of theIntegrative Complex.
9. Benches form a World Judiciary, including World Supreme Court, Regional World Courts and District World Courts, having mandatory jurisdiction over different kinds of issues.
10. The Enforcement System. World Parliament elects an Office of World Attorneys General with 5 World Attorneys General and commission of 20 Regional World Attorneys, to head non-military Enforcement System. World Police apprehend individual suspected lawbreakers. World Parliament regulates World Police, which shall follow due process, and obtain warrants for search & arrests.
11. World Ombudsmus. House of Counselors nominates and World Parliament elects a World Ombudsmus Council of 5 World Ombudsen and Commission of 20 Regional World Advocates to protect human rights and ensure proper government functioning.
12. Bill of Rights guarantees inalienable human rights, including all those customarily guaranteed by civil nations: equal rights, equal protection, freedom of expression, association & religion, habeas corpus rights, universal suffrage, property, privacy, & other prohibitions against government intrusions.
13. Directive Principles of 19 sections list additional civil rights and benefits to be guaranteed and implemented over time for all people.
14. To the Nations, the Earth Federation guarantees the following: full faith and credit to public acts, records, legislation and judicial proceedings of member nations; nations retain jurisdiction over internal affairs; asylum for refuge seekers from nations not in Earth Federation
15. World Parliament establishes five world capitals in 5 Continental Divisions.
16. The people of Earth have ownership and Earth Federation has jurisdiction of all oceans from 20 kilometers offshore, the sea beds, vital straits, channels, canals, the Moon and the atmosphere from 1 km. above the general surface of the land.
17. Earth Constitution implements by stages: Provisional Earth Federation, before 25 countries or before World Districts including 10% of world population have ratified.
First Operative Stage, when 25 countries or World Districts including 10% of world population have ratified, or equivalent mix. Second Operative Stage, when 50% of countries and World Districts including 50% of world population have ratified, or equivalent mix.
Full Operative Stage, when 80% of countries, comprising 90% of world population, have ratified.
18. People may initiate amendment procedures of the Earth Constitution.
19. Provisional World Parliament may adopt world legislation prior to first operative stage, subject to re-confirmation by World Parliament. Provisional World Government may begin.
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he Constitution for the Federation of Earth has been translated into 23 languages and is available in several languages on the Institute on World Problems website (www.worldproblems.net).
It is published as a separate volume (with an introduction and commentary by Dr. Glen T. Martin) by the Institute for Economic Democracy Press: www.ied.info.